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According to a new study, Latino people with asthma had higher rates of uncontrolled asthma after having COVID-19. They also had asthma symptoms for a longer time after the illness.

Experts looked at 174 adult Latino people with asthma who had COVID-19. The study found that they were 4.6 times more likely to have asthma flares after COVID-19 than Black people. They were 2.9 times more likely to have asthma flares than white people.

The study also showed that Latino people had asthma symptoms for about 3.2 weeks after COVID-19. For Black people, symptoms lasted 1.4 weeks. For white people, symptoms lasted 1.5 weeks.

The study was presented at presented at the 2021 American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI) Annual Scientific Meeting:

Abstract Title: Latinos Experience Longer Duration of Uncontrolled Asthma After COVID Infection
Presenter: Katharine Foster, MD

Important note from AAFA: This abstract did not define how it is reporting on race and ethnicity. In national data, race is defined as a person’s self-identification with one or more social groups: Asian, Black, American Indian/Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, white, or some other race. Many people identify with more than one race.

Ethnicity is a grouping of people who share a common culture (traditions, language, religion, history, etc.) Ethnicity, often asked separately from race, determines whether a person is of Hispanic origin.

In national data, ethnicity is categorized as either “Hispanic” or “Not Hispanic.” People of Hispanic ethnicity may report as any race.

In some cases, the terms Hispanic and Latino/Latina or Latinx/Latine are (inaccurately) used interchangeably. It is important to note that these terms do not define the same population. Hispanic refers to people who speak Spanish or descend from Spain. Latinx/Latine refers to people from Latin America, who may or may not speak Spanish. These populations can overlap in some instances (e.g., Puerto Ricans, who are both Hispanic and Latine) but not in all instances (e.g., Brazilians, who are Latine but not Hispanic).

Improving Asthma Care

The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America report on Asthma Disparities in America looks at the burden of asthma on racial/ethnic groups in the United States. The report lays out other suggestions for reducing disparities in asthma through policy reform, programs, and partnerships.

You can also join us in reducing asthma disparities. Sign up for AAFA’s community to stay up to date about the following opportunities to get involved:

  • Advocate for people affected by asthma
  • Take part in patient-centered research and clinical trials
  • Join our Patient and Family Advisory Council
  • Get invitations to special events with expert speakers

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